Steady States of Infinite-Size Dissipative Quantum Chains via Imaginary Time Evolution
Adil A. Gangat1*, Te I1, Ying-Jer Kao1,2
1Dept. of Physics, National Taiwan University, Taipei City, Taiwan
2National Center for Theoretical Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan
* Presenter:Adil A. Gangat
Directly in the thermodynamic limit, we show how to combine imaginary and real time evolution of tensor networks to efficiently and accurately find the nonequilibrium steady states (NESS) of one-dimensional dissipative quantum lattices governed by the Lindblad master equation. The imaginary time evolution first bypasses any highly correlated portions of the real-time evolution trajectory by directly converging to the weakly correlated subspace of the NESS, after which real time evolution completes the convergence to the NESS with high accuracy. We demonstrate the power of the method with the dissipative transverse field quantum Ising chain. We show that a crossover of an order parameter shown to be smooth in previous finite-size studies remains smooth in the thermodynamic limit.

Keywords: non-equilibrium, steady state, dissipation, tensor networks, Lindblad master equation